Benzodiazepines are classified as a psychoactive drug which is a type of drug used to treat anxiety, insomnia, as well as various other conditions. Benzodiazepines are one of the most loosely and greatly prescribed medications in the United States. Benzodiazepines have many highly addictive effects. Benzodiazepines can be sedative, hypnotic, can help treat anxiety, are an anticonvulsant, and contain muscle relaxant properties.
Benzodiazepines work by enhancing the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) , which is responsible for reducing what causes stress and anxiety in the human brain. Short term use of these medications are generally safe and effective. However, the long term use of them are very controversial, because of the potential of tolerance, dependence, and other adverse effects.
Those who are abusing benzodiazepines may appear drowsy and sleepy, lack coordination, and be hostile and irritable. Other signs of abuse are periods where the abuser has blacked out or lost time, sometimes for a period of a few days. Mixing benzodiazepines with alcohol are also a tell tale sign that there is a problem.
Benzodiazepines are usually only prescribed for short-term treatment or prescribed to be taken as needed because of their highly addictive nature. It is important to never just stop taking this drug by yourself. Withdrawal symptoms of benzodiazepines include trouble sleeping, feelings of depression and sweating. If someone were to stop taking by themselves without the proper medical detox they could face life threatening seizures, tremors, and muscle cramps. It is very important to get the proper medical attention if someone has become dependent on benzodiazepines.